Morpho menelaus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name:
Menelaus Morpho
Synonyms:

Papilio menelaus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Natural History:

Males and females occur in most of the year and are attracted by decomposing fruits.

Species of Morpho occur throughout the year, with a slight increase in population from September to November. To distinguish the species is necessary to observe for a long time to see the details, or can make photograph the ventral side of the wings. The caterpillars show colored patches mixed with brown resulting in a pattern of disruptive coloration on the substrate.

Distribution:
Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; French Guiana; Guyana; Panama; Peru; Venezuela
Habitat:
forest
Feeding Adult:

Adults feed on fruit on the ground, moist soil mud puddles

Feeding Caterpillars:

According compiled by Beccaloni et al. (2008), are host-plants:

Bignoniaceae:Tecoma heptaphylla

Erythroxilaceae: Erythroxylum sp., Erythroxylum pulchrum

Leguminosae-Papilionoideae: Lonchocarpus macrophyllus, Lonchocarpus oliganthus, Machaerium sp., Pterocarpus sp., Pterocarpus officinalis, Pterocarpus violaceus

Publications:
Beccaloni G.W, Viloria A.L., Hall S.K., Robinson G.S. (2008):
Catalogue of the hostplants of the Neotropical butterflies. Book., London, S.E.A., Ribes, CYTED, Natural History Museum, IVIC: 1-536
menelaus_anselmo

Iranduba, Amazonas

Photo: Anselmo D'Affonseca

morpho menelaus female dorsal

Female, from dorsal

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas

Female, from ventral

Female, from ventral

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas

morpho menelaus male dorsal

Male, from dorsal

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas

morpho menelaus male ventral

Male, from ventral

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas