Archaeoprepona demophon (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name:
One-spotted Prepona
Synonyms:

Papilio demophon (Linnaeus, 1758)

Natural History:

Archaeoprepona has 8 species in the Neotropics (Lamas, 2004). Among the 5 species recorded in the central Amazon, Archaeoprepona demophon is the most abundant. Occurs throughout the year, and is more frequent in the understory, although it is also observed in the stratum of canopy.

According to observations made ​​by Berti Filho & Cerignoni (2010), females lay isolated eggs and caterpillars are rarely found on the same host-plant. The caterpillars are large (about 8cm) and have an appearance cryptic. In the pupa stage are green.

Distribution:
Argentina; Bolivia; Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; Honduras; Mexico; Panama; Trinidad and Tobago
Habitat:
forest
Feeding Adult:

Adults feed on rotten fruits

Feeding Caterpillars:

Host-plants according compiled by Beccaloni et al. (2008) include:

Annonaceae: Anaxagorea crassipetala, Annona sp., Annona acutiflora, Annona cacans, Annona glabra, Annona muricata, Annona purpurea, Annona reticulata, Annona spraguei.

Connaraceae: Rourea glabra

Convolvulaceae: Maripa panamensis

Lacistemataceae: Lacistema aggregatum

Lauraceae: Nectandra purpurea, Ocotea sp., Persea americana

Malpighiaceae: Malpighia glabra

Meliaceae: Guarea sp., Guarea glabra

Monimiaceae: Mollinedia brasiliensis, Mollinedia clavigera, Mollinedia ovata, Siparuna sp., Siparuna guianensis

Moraceae: Brosimum guadichaudi

Polygonaceae: Tripularis sp.

Sterculiaceae: Theobroma cacao

Violaceae: Hybamthus sp.

Publications:
Lamas G. (2004):
Atlas of neotropical Lepidoptera - Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea. Book.: 1-439
Berti Filho E., Cerignoni J.A. (2010):
Borboletas. Book., Piracicaba, FEALQ: 1-94
Beccaloni G.W, Viloria A.L., Hall S.K., Robinson G.S. (2008):
Catalogue of the hostplants of the Neotropical butterflies. Book., London, S.E.A., Ribes, CYTED, Natural History Museum, IVIC: 1-536
archaeoprepona demophon jb livre

Jardim Botânico Adolpho Ducke, Manaus, Amazonas

Photo: Juscelino Marques Filho

archaeo demophon jb
archaeoprepona demophon dorsal

From dorsal

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas

archaeoprepona demophon ventral

From ventral

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas