Heliconius sara (Fabricius, 1793)

Common Name:
Sara Longwing
Synonyms:

Papilio sara (Fabricius, 1793)

Natural History:

Heliconius sara can be observed in many places open and sunlight. Commonly visit flowers at garden, sucking flowers of Verbenaceae Stachytarpheta and Lantana, that are abundant throughout the year, as noted in an urban forest of Manaus.

 Behavioral patterns were described by Benson et al. (1989) with observations maded in Carajás, Pará, demonstrating territory defense by males of this species.

Distribution:
Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; Guatemala; Guyana; Panama; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Venezuela
Habitat:
forest edge, urban
Feeding Adult:

Adults feed on nectar

Feeding Caterpillars:

Is compiled by Beccaloni et al. (2008) plants of family:

Passifloraceae: Passiflora auriculata, Passiflora candida, Passiflora cerradense, Passiflora costata, Passiflora edulis, Passiflora faroana, Passiflora mansoi, Passiflora mucronata, Passiflora pentagona, Passiflora rhamnifolia, Passiflora sidaefolia, Passiflora spinosa, Passiflora suberosa, Passiflora truncata, Passiflora ovalis. 

Publications:
Benson W.W., Haddad C.F.B., Zikán M. (1989):
Territorial behavior and dominance in some heliconiine butterflies (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists´Society. 43(1): 33-49
Beccaloni G.W, Viloria A.L., Hall S.K., Robinson G.S. (2008):
Catalogue of the hostplants of the Neotropical butterflies. Book., London, S.E.A., Ribes, CYTED, Natural History Museum, IVIC: 1-536
heliconius sara nature

Rest in the leaf, Bosque da Ciência, INPA, Manaus, Amazonas

Photo: Kelve Franklymara S. Cezar

heliconius sara dorsal

From dorsal

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas

heliconius sara

From ventral

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas