Hypna clytemnestra (Cramer, 1777)

Common Name:
Silver-studded Leafwing
Synonyms:

Papilio clytemnestra (Cramer, 1777)

Natural History:

Hypna clytemnestra has 8 subspecies in Neotropics (Lamas, 2004). This species is distributed in various habitats within and outside the forest environment. In central Amazon occurs throughout the year in the understory, occasionally in the canopy.

The male is aggressive and territorial. This species search open areas, in gap or forest edges, where also occurs your host-plant. The caterpillars curl up in the leaves, with their heads semi-exposed (Otero & Marigo, 1990).

Distribution:
Bolivia; Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Mexico; Panama; Suriname; Uruguay; Venezuela
Feeding Adult:

Adults feed on rotten fruits

Feeding Caterpillars:

Host-plants compiled by Beccaloni et al. (2008) include:

Euphorbiaceae: Croton affinis, Croton billbergianus, Croton compressus, Croton floribunda, Croton gossypiifolius, Croton hilarii, Croton hircinus, Croton lundianus, Croton nitrariaefolius, Croton ovalifolius, Croton parvifolius, Croton priscus, Croton schiedeanus, Croton tenuissimus, Croton urucurana.

Color:
black, brown, cream, metallic
Habitat:
forest, open forest / meadow
Publications:
Lamas G. (2004):
Atlas of neotropical Lepidoptera - Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea. Book.: 1-439
Otero L.S., Marigo L.C. (1992):
Butterflies of Carajás. Book., Rio de Janeiro, Companhia Vale do Rio Doce: 1-76
Beccaloni G.W, Viloria A.L., Hall S.K., Robinson G.S. (2008):
Catalogue of the hostplants of the Neotropical butterflies. Book., London, S.E.A., Ribes, CYTED, Natural History Museum, IVIC: 1-536
hypna clytemnestra tronco

Resting on a trunk

Photo: Paulo Rodrigo Pinto

hypna clytemnestra folha

Sunning in a gap

Photo: Paulo Rodrigo Pinto

hypna clytemnestra dorsal

From dorsal

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas

hypna clytemnestra ventral

From ventral

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas