Siderone galanthis (Hübner, [1823])

Common Name:
Red-striped Leafwing
Synonyms:

Papilio galanthis (Cramer, 1775)

Natural History:

The genus Siderone has two species in the Neotropics (Lamas, 2004). Siderone galanthis is distributed from Mexico to southern Brazil and occurs in forest and other vegetation types. In central Amazonia this is a rare species in traps fruit, but both sexes can be observed on this substrate. 
The caterpillars are solitary and generally use mature leaves of the host-plant. Siderone galanthis also shows the behavior of to  accumulate droppings in the central vein of the leaves and use this structure as a place of rest or while eating. The immature stages are described by Morais et al. (1996).

Distribution:
Brazil; Colombia; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Mexico; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago
Feeding Caterpillars:

The caterpillars can feed on leaves Flacourtiaceae Casearia sylvestris  (Morais et al. 1996).

Color:
black, brown, red, yellow
Habitat:
forest edge, forest
Publications:
Lamas G. (2004):
Atlas of neotropical Lepidoptera - Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea. Book.: 1-439
Morais H.C., Diniz I.R., Silva J.R. (1996):
Larvas de Siderone marthesia nemesis (Illiger) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Charaxinae) em cerrado de Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brasil. Revta bras. Zool. 13(2): 351-356
Siderone galanthis male dorsal

Male, from dorsal

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas

Siderone galanthis male ventral

Male, from ventral

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas

Siderone galanthis female dorsal

Female, from dorsal

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas

Siderone galanthis female ventral

Female, from ventral

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas