Hamadryas februa (Hübner, [1823])

Common Name:
Gray Cracker
Synonyms:

Ageronia februa (Hübner, [1823])

Natural History:

Hamadryas februa is not observed in primitive forest. During five years of study forest of terra firme in central Amazonia, this species was not collected. However, can be observed and recorded at the edges of forest, transition to the urban area. Common occurrence in many disturbed areas is also cited by Brown (1992).

Caterpillars of Hamadryas februa has the body full of thorns, but are inoffensive (Berti Filho & Cerignoni, 2010).

About aspects on the life cycle and natural history of these species see Muyshondt & Muyshondt, Jr., 1975).

Distribution:
Brazil; Honduras; Mexico; Paraguay; Peru
Feeding Adult:

Adults feed on rotten fruits

Feeding Caterpillars:

According compiled by Beccaloni et al. (2008) are recoderd as host-plant the following species:

Euphorbiaceae: Dalechampia sp., Dalechampia heteromorpha, Dalechampia scandens, Dalechampia stenosepala, Dalechampia tiliifolia, Dalechampia triphylla, Tragia volubilis.

Leguminosae-Mimosoideae: Inga sp., Inga affinis, Inga uraguensis, Inga virescens

Color:
black, brown, red, white
Habitat:
forest edge, open, anthropogenic
Publications:
Brown Jr. K (1992):
Borboletas da Serra do Japi: diversidade, habitats, recursos alimentares e variação temporal. In:n História Natural da Serra do Japi: ecologia e preservação de uma área florestal no Sudeste do Brasil., Campinas, Unicamp: 142-186
Berti Filho E., Cerignoni J.A. (2010):
Borboletas. Book., Piracicaba, FEALQ: 1-94
Muyshondt A., Muyshondt, Jr. A. (1975):
Notes on the Life Cycle and Natural History of Butterflies of El Salvador. I B.: Hamadryas februa (Nymphalidae-Hamadryadinae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society. 83(3): 157-169
Beccaloni G.W, Viloria A.L., Hall S.K., Robinson G.S. (2008):
Catalogue of the hostplants of the Neotropical butterflies. Book., London, S.E.A., Ribes, CYTED, Natural History Museum, IVIC: 1-536
hamadryas februa nature

Jardim Botânico Adolpho Ducke, Manaus, Amazonas

Photo: Juscelino Marques Filho