Hamadryas feronia (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name:
Variable Cracker

Papilio feronia (Linnaeus, 1758)

Natural History:

Hamadryas feronia is easily confused with H. februa, but seems to be less abundant in disturbed areas. This butterflies has a color-mosaic makes it so totally cryptic when resting on the trunk of trees, especially in areas taken by fungi and lichens. Fling in erratic flight when disturbed and generally lands upside down and flattened wings on vegetation, rocks or walls. Searching for sun and can fly high. Unlike H. amphinome having their immature aggregated, H. feronia are solitary.

Argentina; Brasil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Honduras; México; Paraguay; Perú; Trinidad and Tobago; Venezuela
Feeding Adult:

Adults feed on rotten fruits

Feeding Caterpillars:

According compiled by Beccaloni et al. (2008), the larvae feed on:

Euphorbiaceae: Dalechampia sp., Dalechampia scandens, Dalechampia stenosepala, Dalechampia tiliifolia, Dalechampia triphylla, Euphorbia  pulcherrima.

Gramineae: Zea mays

Leguminosae-Mimosoideae: Inga affinis, Inga virescens

Palmae: Syagrus romanzoffiana

brown, blue, red, white
Beccaloni G.W, Viloria A.L., Hall S.K., Robinson G.S. (2008):
Catalogue of the hostplants of the Neotropical butterflies. Book., London, S.E.A., Ribes, CYTED, Natural History Museum, IVIC: 1-536
hamadryas feronia jb

Jardim Botânico Adolpho Ducke, Manaus, Amazonas

Photo: Juscelino Marques Filho

hamadryas feronia dorsal

From dorsal

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas

Hamadryas feronia ventral

From ventral

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas