Colobura dirce (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name:
Dirce Beauty

Papilio dirce (Linnaeus, 1758)

Natural History:

Colobura dirce occurs in sympatry with C. annulata, and are distributed from Mexico to Ecuador. inhabits all types of environments. The erratic flight is similar to C. annulata  and rest on the trunks of trees always upside down. Is common throughout the year, and can be observed from the ground to canopy. Their caterpillars are also gregarious, dark color with yellow thorns.

Bolivia; Brasil; Colombia; Cuba; Ecuador; Guyana; Guyane française; Jamaica; México; Puerto Rico; Trinidad and Tobago; Venezuela
Occurence Period:

Occurs throughout the year

Feeding Adult:

Adults feed on rotting fruits

Feeding Caterpillars:

Host plants compiled by Beccaloni et al. 2008, included:

Cecropiaceae: Cecropia hololeuca, Cecropia obtusa, Cecropia obtusifolia, Cecropia pachytachia, Cecropia peltata

Leguminosae - Caesalpinioidea: Cassia spp.

Leguminosae - Mimosoidea: Inga spp.

Meliaceae: Cabralea canjerana

Myrtaceae: Eucalyptus spp.

Urticaceae: Urera bacifera


brown, cream, black, white
forest, forest edge, open, urban, anthropogenic
Willmott K.R., Constantino L.M., Hall J.P.W. (2001):
A review of Colobura (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) with comments on larval adult ecology and description of a sibling species. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 94(2): 185-196  PDF-Download of the publication
Beccaloni G.W, Viloria A.L., Hall S.K., Robinson G.S. (2008):
Catalogue of the hostplants of the Neotropical butterflies. Book., London, S.E.A., Ribes, CYTED, Natural History Museum, IVIC: 1-536
colobura dirce nature

Rest in the trunk, Iranduba, Amazonas

Photo: Anselmo D'Affonseca

colobura dirce ventral

From ventral

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas

colobura dirce dorsal

From dorsal

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas