Caligo eurilochus (Cramer, 1775)

Common Name:
Forest Giant-Owl
Synonyms:

Papilio eurilochus (Cramer, 1775)

Natural History:

At Neotropics are registered 5 subspecies Caligo eurilochus (Lamas, 2004). This species is really prominent in the group of insects, by gigantic size. Spends much time resting on the trunks of the understory and has greater activity during crepuscular hours.

 The caterpillars live gregariously on plants of Marantaceae,  Musaceae and another families.This group is created very easily in artificial conditions, and often can quickly increase the population (Otero & Marigo, 1990). They are easy to maintain in butterfly-house and arouse much interest when showing his big eyes in the  wings.

Distribution:
Bolivia; Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Panama; Peru
Occurence Period:

Can be occur in all months, but is not abundant

Feeding Adult:

Adults feed on rottenfruits and plants exsudate 

Feeding Caterpillars:

According compiled by Beccaloni et al. 2008, are host-plant for this species:

Cannaceae: Canna indica

Heliconiaceae: Heliconia latispatha, Heliconia spp.

Marantaceae: Calathea latifolia, Calathea sp., Hylaeanthe hoffmannii

Musaceae: Musa sp., Musa acuminata, Musa coccinea

Palmae: Cocos nucifera, Elaeis guineensis, Euterpe sp.

Strelitziaceae: Strelitzia sp.

Zingiberaceae: Hedychium spp., Hedychium coronarium 

Color:
brown, cream, blue
Habitat:
forest
Publications:
Lamas G. (2004):
Atlas of neotropical Lepidoptera - Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea. Book.: 1-439
Otero L.S., Marigo L.C. (1990):
Borboletas beleza e comportamento de espécies brasileiras. Book., Marigo Comunicacao Visual: 1-127
Beccaloni G.W, Viloria A.L., Hall S.K., Robinson G.S. (2008):
Catalogue of the hostplants of the Neotropical butterflies. Book., London, S.E.A., Ribes, CYTED, Natural History Museum, IVIC: 1-536
grupo de caligo

Mixed-group of Caligo photographed in butterfly-house

Photo: Helena Aguiar

caligo eurilochus dorsal

Female, from dorsal

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas

caligo eurilochus ventral

Female, from ventral

Specimen deposited in the Collection of Invertebrates INPA, Manaus, Amazonas